Along with several other central banks, the Bank of England is actively researching on implementing Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC). Recently, the BoE published a working paper on how CBDC might affect its balance sheets in practice. The study looks at the implications of such instruments on systemic financial stability. Specifically, the authors analyze banks' susceptibility to "runs" from bank deposits to CBDC. According to the paper, CBDC is defined as electronic bank money that satisfies the following properties:
"[It] can be accessed more broadly than reserves, (ii) potentially has much greater functionality for retail transactions than cash, (iii) has a separate operational structure to other forms of central bank money, allowing it to potentially serve a different core purpose, and (iv) can be interest bearing, under realistic assumptions paying a rate that would be different to the rate on reserves."
The primary goal of issuing CBDC in this context would be to digitalize financial assets such as deposits which, by extension, would improve optionality with regards to monetary policy. That is--it would be used in ways antithetical to bitcoin, which is limited in issuance and whose supply increases at regular and predictable intervals.
Central bank digital currencies-design principles and balance sheet implications
(Michael Kumhof and Clare Noone)
"[The paper] studies sectoral balance sheet dynamics at the point of an initial CBDC introduction, and of an attempted large-scale run out of bank deposits into CBDC. We find that if the introduction of CBDC follows a set of core principles, bank funding is not necessarily reduced, credit and liquidity provision to the private sector need not contract, and the risk of a system-wide run from bank deposits to CBDC is addressed."
Coinbase acquires Paradex Exchange, retires GDAX name
(Fortune, by Jeff John Roberts)
"Paradex, which has 10 employees and is built on a protocol called 0x, is one of several startups pitching the technology as a way for consumers to get access to lesser known cryptocurrencies."
Bitcoin Gold hit by double spend attack, exchanges lose millions
(CCN, by Josiah Wilmoth)
"A bitcoin gold address implicated in the attack has received more than 388,200 BTG since May 16 (mostly from transactions it sent to itself). Assuming all of those transactions were associated with the double spend exploit, the attacker could have stolen as much as $18.6 million worth of funds from exchanges."
Visualizing all U.S. energy consumption in one chart
This is why we can't have nice things
(Epsilon Theory, by W. Ben Hunt)
"First and most importantly, we can simply recognize that there is a logic and a process to meme introduction and contagion in the human animal. Here in Epsilon Theory I like to focus on one powerful contagion vector — the Common Knowledge Game — but there are many others. Like all of the invisible forces that drive our lives, once you start looking for embedded memes and the logic that drives them, you will see them EVERYWHERE."
Technical & Updates
Introducing Tari: a decentralised assets protocol built on Monero
Introducing Tari: A Decentralised Assets Protocol Built on Monero from r/Monero
Commentary thread on the benefits of Lightning Network
The Ethereum-blockchain size has exceeded 1TB, and yes, it’s an issue
"A blockchain is just a tool for a network. It’s actually a very specific tool that can only be used by a very specific kind of network. So much so that they require each other to exist and fall apart when they don’t co-operate, given enough time. You can build on top of this network, but quite frankly anything else built into the base layer (L1) that negatively affects the networks ability to do its job is going to bring the entire network to its knees…given enough time."