Preface: Timeline to Bitcoin

Preface


Timeline to Bitcoin

  • 1904: The Veblenian Dichotomy distinguishes between institutions and their technologies.
  • 1918: Taylorism, the original “management science,” is first documented by HB Drury.
  • 1934: “Fordism” management style gains prominence, efficient and oppressive.
  • 1937: Ronald Coase publishes “Theory of the Firm,” the economic rationale for why firms grow.
  • 1956: Government antitrust suit against AT&T; it is barred from entering the computer business.
  • 1956: Hacker movement emerges at MIT and Stanford.
  • 1964: The National Society of Professional Engineers publishes code of ethics.
  • 1968: The poem “All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace” emblematic of tech-utopianism.
  • 1969: IEEE.22, The Union of Concerned Scientists is formed at MIT.
  • 1969: UNIX created by AT&T.
  • 1971: Prof. John Galbraith coins the term “the Technostructure” for business bureaucracy.
  • 1974: DARPA develops Internet protocol suite.
  • 1981: Writer William Gibson coins the term “cyberspace” to mean a digital dystopia where corporations rule.
  • 1982: AT&T sued by the Department of Justice for antitrust violations and broken up.
  • 1983: Richard Stallman releases GNU/Linux, a free OS.
  • 1983: Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility creates code of ethics for cryptographers.
  • 1983: David Chaum creates centralized digital cash system.
  • 1984: IBM and AT&T begin using Internet protocol suite.
  • 1984: William Gibson publishes “Neuromancer,” popularizing the idea of “The Matrix.”
  • 1985: Richard Stallman founds Free Software Foundation in protest of commercial software practices.
  • 1985: GM experimented with shared ownership of one of its car companies, Saturn.
  • 1989: World Wide Web launches with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, or HTTP.
  • 1990: Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is formed.
  • 1990: Linked timestamping proposed by Haber and Stornetta.
  • 1991: Ronald Coase wins Nobel Prize in Economics for his work in 1937 and 1960.
  • 1991: The term “New Jersey style” is popularized by "The Rise of 'Worse is Better’.”
  • 1992: Intel Chief Scientist Tim May publishes the Crypto-Anarchist Manifesto.
  • 1992: Cypherpunks Mailing List starts, attracting people like Julian Assange and Satoshi Nakamoto.
  • 1993: Cypherpunks Manifesto published.
  • 1995: Richard Barbrook publishes “The Californian Ideology.”
  • 1996: “Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace” published by John Perry Barlow.
  • 1996: The open source movement emerges as a marketing campaign for free software use in business.
  • 1997: Eric Raymond presents “Cathedral versus Bazaar,” an ode to open source development.
  • 1997: Adam Back invents Hashcash, a denial of service protection mechanism for P2P networks.
  • 1998: Wei Dai publishes B-money proposal.
  • 1999: Freenet launches, a censor-resistant document store and networking suite.
  • 2000: Microsoft Windows Chief Jim Allchin calls open source “an intellectual property destroyer."
  • 2001: Steve Ballmer calls Linux “a cancer.”
  • 2001: Mac OS X launches, based on free and open source Unix variant OpenBSD.
  • 2001: Agile Development methodology launches, bringing hacker operational patterns to business.
  • 2005: Nick Szabo suggests a “distributed title registry” or ledger as a common resource.
  • 2009: Satoshi Nakamoto publishes the Bitcoin whitepaper.
  • 2012: Microsoft integrates Linux into its enterprise Azure platform.
  • 2014: Bitcoin price rises. William Shatner astutely notices that Bitcoin has become money for “cyber snobs.”
  • 2016: CME launches Bitcoin price index.
  • 2017: Bitcoin futures begin trading on CME and CBoE.
  • 2018: Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs announce they will trade Bitcoin.